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Artificial Intelligence, 3D printing and Food Management

Anthi Koskina, Kostas Galinas

The recent developments in advanced technologies and Artificial Intelligence confronted governments with unprecedented challenges and dilemmas, such as in the field of food production. The use of 3D food printers optimized by AI will undoubtedly allow producing better quality foods, and for larger sections of the population, but this is not without risks. Focus should be on creating rules that treat people not only as consumers but as the core of their interest, while AI should be seen not as an end in itself but as a means of improving the quality of food and life. The proportional application of European Union rules on novel foods and on AI can only be seen as an ancillary tool or as a necessary transitional stage. The adoption of rules ensuring the protection of food consumers, individually or as a society, from these new types of food production [even in the case of combined use of AI and 3D printing] remains a challenge.

Professor of Law, Collège IdEF-Paris XIII; Research Associate, AthensPIL-National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, <>. Student at Law [MSL], Democritus University of Thrace, <>.


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