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The Impact of Social Networks on the Eating Habits of Adolescents journal article

Reyes Artacho Martín-Lagos, M. Jesús Carrasco-Santos, Julio César Cisneros de Britto, Ramon Clotet Ballús, Yvonne Colomer Xena, Giuseppe Fregapane Quadri, Belen García-Villanova Ruiz, Nuria García-Agua Soler, María del Puig Gisbert, Eduardo Guerra Hernandez, Sara Malo Cerrato, Iñigo Marauri Castillo, Gala Martín-Pozuelo Del Pozo, Antonio Mateos Giménez, Fernando Móner, Mireia Montaña Blasco, M. Jesús Periago Castón, Marta Puig Sabanès, Celia Rodriguez Perez, María Dolores Ruiz López, Amparo Salvador Moya, Vito Verardo, Luis González Vaqué

European Food and Feed Law Review, Volume 17 (2022), Issue 4, Page 306 - 315

The article aims to analyse the impact of social networks on the eating habits of adolescents in a first stage in a qualitative way. To this end, 3 working groups based on telematic meetings have been created to analyse the issue from different perspectives. The dossier describes the situation of the problem in Spain and the efforts being made at different levels. The diagnosis is extends to other countries. It is proposed to continue the study in a quantitative way based on WHO statistics on adolescents, evaluating 3 different European geographical settings - the Nordic countries, Mediterranean countries and Central European countries.

The Impact of Brexit on the UK Agri-Food Chain - A Case of the Empty Supermarket Shelf Syndrome? journal article

Luis González Vaqué

European Food and Feed Law Review, Volume 17 (2022), Issue 2, Page 142 - 145

Brexit was the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU) at 23:00 GMT on 31 January 2020. The UK is the only member state to have left the EU, after 47 years of having been a part of the union — the EU and its predecessor the European Communities (EC), which included the European Economic Community — since 1 January 1973. Following Brexit, EU law and the Court of Justice of the European Union no longer have primacy over British laws, except in select areas in relation to Northern Ireland. The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 retains relevant EU law as domestic law, which the UK can now amend or repeal. This article is dedicated to a first analysis of the impact of Brexit on the food supply chain, taking into account the precariousness of the agreement on the status of Northern Ireland, the workers’ emigration and the future of British regulations, probably more competitive than that the old EU legislation.

The Front Labelling of Food: Nutritional Traffic Lights, Nutri-Score and Others journal article

Ana Mª Andrés, Marta Arroyo-Izaga, Coral Calvo, Pilar Cervera, Ramon Clotet, Yvonne Colomer, Consuelo Escolástico, Ramon Estruch, Giuseppe Fregapane, Juana Frias, Angel Gil, Luis González Vaqué, Ascensión Marcos, Abel Mariné Font, Emilio Martinez de Vitoria, Gemma Oms, Mª Carmen Ortega, Mª Jesús Periago, Mª Angeles Romero, Mª Dolores Ruiz, Aida Serra, Josep A. Tur, Mª Carmen Vidal

European Food and Feed Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 2, Page 104 - 111

The labelling of packaged foods is a universal concern present in the national legislation of most countries. Regulation (EU) No. 1169/2011 on food information provided to the consumer allows the possibility of using a front nutrition label FOPL (Front-of-Pack nutrition label) in a complementary way to the mandatory nutrition information, on a voluntary basis, without replacing it, as long as the requirements mentioned in said Regulation are met, do not mislead the consumer, are not ambiguous or confusing and are based on relevant scientific data. The application of a "front" nutritional label is interesting in principle because it is more visible, unlike the mandatory nutritional label, which is located on the back or side of the packages. However, on the other hand, it can mislead the consumer should they intend to value the product nutritionally apart from the diet as a whole. An effective policy for the health of the citizen must be based on adequate training in food and consumption, starting from school age and reaching to society in general, contemplating the insertion of the variety of products in the variety of possible diets, according to the nutritional needs of the citizen, based on age, sex, lifestyle and sustainability. In this context, front labelling must be integrated into a global strategy to be effective and avoid being counterproductive. This document aims to offer food for thought to people, institutions and companies that have to make decisions regarding food labelling.

Food Security and Innovative Tools with a Global Food System Approach journal article

José Pío Beltrán, Francesc Casañas, Ramon Clotet, Yvonne Colomer, Luis González Vaqué, Rosa M Martin-Aranda, Pere Puigdomènech, Ignacio Romagosa

European Food and Feed Law Review, Volume 16 (2021), Issue 3, Page 202 - 211

The current challenge of agriculture is to ensure sustainability, noting that in the next half century we must produce as much food as in the previous ten thousand years combined. At the same time, we should improve crop resilience, in an unquestionable scenario of climate change. The World Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) urges us to achieve food security, which is the situation in which everybody has physical and economic access to sufficient, safe nutritious food at all times, to satisfy their nutritional needs and preferences, in order to lead an active and healthy life. In recent years we have seen an exponential increase in the knowledge of the molecular basis of genetic traits that are important for food production. Some of these technologies have been developed in Europe, and benefit producers from other parts of the world, from whom our countries then import their products for our consumption. It has been possible to increase the micronutrient content of fruit, delay their ripening or incorporate resistance to viruses, fungi and bacteria. Thus, using tools borrowed from bacterial defence mechanisms (CRISPR-Cas9 and derivatives), it is possible to act in a controlled and timely manner on the desired areas of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid), as could be the case in the fight against TR4 fungus in the banana. This crop occupies about ten million hectares with an annual production of one-hundred million tons. It is part of the basic diet of four-hundred million people and is cultivated in all tropical and subtropical regions constituting the fourth food crop only behind rice, wheat and corn. No fungicide has been found that allows chemical control of the fungus that remains in infected soils for periods exceeding thirty years, so it is urgent to obtain new resistant varieties. This document aims to sensitize society and legislators about the importance of science and technology, with a sustainable global food system approach (availability, policies, economy and culture) to meet the food challenges of the 21st century.